Retreat

retreat,英语单词,名词、及物动词、不及物动词,作名词时意为“撤退;休息寓所;撤退”,作及物动词时意为“退(棋);使后退”,作不及物动词时意为“撤退;退避;向后倾”。

n.(名词)

隐退(处)

撤退(信号),降旗号,退却信号,回营号

退却,退避

休养所

收容所

退兵

躲藏处,避难处,潜伏处

巢窟

【宗】静修

默想

【空】向后倾斜

僻静

v.(动词)

后斜,向后倾

使后退,使往后移,使退回

凹陷,凹进

撤退,退却,后退,退缩,退出

隐退

缩回

撤回,撤销,作罢,放弃

退避,躲避,逃避,规避

把…后撤

离开,离去,退去

改变主意

跌价

退(棋)

英[rɪˈtriːt]美[rɪˈtriːt]

spiritual retreat退修会

Couples Retreat伴侣度假村 ; 朋友国假日村 ; 伴侣渡假村 ; 伴侣国假日村

Retreat Cost逃走费用 ; 逃脱费用

surrender retreat也不接受失败 ; 头像和退缩 ; 也不向挫折乞降 ; 也不乞降

rope retreat隐蔽时间

worm retreat撤退时间

parallel retreat平行后退

emergency retreat紧急躲避处 ; 紧急撤退

Burning Retreat燃烧退避

用作名词 (n.)

The troop made good their retreat from the occupied city.部队从沦陷的城市安全撤出。

He immediately sounded aretreat.他立刻下令撤退。

The minister made an undignifiedretreatfrom his earlier position.那部长很不光彩地背离了他原先的立场。

The Senator made an embarrassingretreatfrom his earlier position.这位参议员很尴尬地改变了他早先的立场。

He has a littleretreatin the mountains.他在山里有一个小的静养处。

Mike used to go to his comfortable retreat by the lake alone.麦克常常独自去位于湖边的舒适的隐居处。

The general ordered the bugler to sound the retreat.将军命令号手吹号收兵。

He lives in a quiet retreat.他住在一个僻静的地方。

They spent a week in (a)retreat.他们静修了一周。

用作动词 (v.)

After several reverses the enemy was forced to retreat.几经失败之后,敌军被迫后撤。

The soldiers had to retreat when they were beaten in battle.士兵们在战斗中受挫,不得不撤退。

You can't retreat from the responsibility in this affair.你不能回避在这一事件中的责任。

He retreats from the public eye.他避开公众的视野。

Our soldiers force the enemy to retreat.我们的战士迫使敌人后退。

retreat from (v.+prep.)

从…撤退move back from a position or dangerThe defeated army had to retreat hastily from the field of battle. 败军被迫仓皇地从战场上撤退。

避开…move away from or try to get rid of sb/sthYou cannot retreat from your responsibility in this affair. 你不能回避在这一事件中的责任。

retreat to (v.+prep.)

撤退到move back toretreat to sthThe soldiers were ordered to retreat to safer positions behind the lines.士兵们奉命撤退到后方较为安全的阵地上去。

v.(动词)retreat, retire, withdraw

这组词都有“撤退,离开”的意思。其区别是:retire指从公共场所移到私人场所,用法较为正式; withdraw与retire相似,为正式用语,现已较少使用; retreat多指从危险的处境中退出,也可能从一个地方移到另一个安静的私人场所。

retire retreat withdraw

这些动词均含“退下、退却”之意。

retire:retire指从公开或公共场合退下到私下场所,也指被免除职务或自动辞职、退役等。

retreat:retreat含消极意味,多指被迫采取退下或退却的行动。

withdraw:withdraw侧重因某种原因而有意离开,常含礼貌、谦恭等理由。也指军队的撤退。

作动词 (v.)

~+副词

retreat further撤得更远

retreat hastily〔rapidly〕仓促〔急忙〕撤退

~+介词

retreat before sth在…面前撤退

retreat from the town撤出该镇

retreat to a warm place离开到暖和的地方

用作名词 (n.)

动词+~

beat〔carry out, make〕 a retreat撤退

go on retreat进行静修聚会

play retreat吹退军号

形容词+~

full〔good, hasty, strategic〕 retreat完全〔安全,匆匆,战略〕撤退

religious retreat有宗教色彩的静修聚会

名词+~

country retreat乡间僻静处

weekend retreat周末聚会

介词+~

in full retreat全线溃退

~+介词

a retreat from border从边境撤退

o harass the..German retreat by..ambushing.出自:M. R. D. Foot

The dollar was on the retreat.出自:J. Archer

The intruders were in retreat.出自:Time

There can be no retreat from the truth.出自:S. Rushdie

He saw his troops retreat from the field.出自:H. H. Wilson

Footsteps..retreated on the pavement.出自:W. Sansom

She would retreat to Crowlink.出自:J. Briggs

Ned retreated into a private world.出自:G. Daly

直接源自古法语的retret;最初源自拉丁语的retrhaere,意为撤回。

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